Operating Expenses and Net Operating Income Wealth Opportunities in Commercial Real Estate: Management, Financing, and Marketing of Investment Properties Book

is depreciation an operating expense

Property taxes are included in operating expenses, but income taxes are not. These are not directly related to the property’s ability to produce rental income, so you wouldn’t include them in operating expenses. Depreciating your rental property is one of the major perks involved with cash flow—the money you either take out of your pocket or put into your pocket from your rental enterprise. But when you’re evaluating possible rental property purchases and you see a figure in the financials for operating expenses, a mortgage payment isn’t included in that number. That’s because financing terms are different for different investors, and your interest rate or down payment aren’t predicted upfront.

Is depreciation a CapEx or OpEx?

CapEx is often associated with depreciation and accumulated depreciation accounts, while OpEx is not.

It isn’t affected by the production levels of goods and services. Here are a few expenses to understand whether depreciation will be a part of operating expenses. Depreciation cannot be charged on assets that are low in cost for the company.

What Do Most Businesses Choose Between the Two?

However, this cost differs from others in the income statement. Hence, depreciation will not be considered as part of operating expenses in the short term. Still, it should be considered an operating expense to provide for replacement cycles in the long term. The administrative expenses relate to office-related expenses like legal fees and printing and stationery. Sales and marketing-related operating expenses include advertising costs, travel costs, amongst others.

IAS 16 requires companies to use depreciation to expense out an asset. This process applies to almost every fixed asset with some exceptions, for example, land. Depreciation expense is a non-cash expense that represents the decrease in value of an asset over time due to wear and tear, obsolescence or other factors.

CapEx Management in the Wake of COVID-19

Usually, companies can choose between various approaches to the process. For example, they can use straight-line, declining balance, or other depreciation methods. IAS 16 does not allow companies to write off cash book excel an asset in its acquisition period. Similarly, the matching principle in accounting may dictate the process. This principle states that companies must match expenses to the revenues they help generate.

Depreciation is computed using various methods as a straight-line method, double declining method, units of production, and the sum of years digits method. PwC refers to the US member firm or one of its subsidiaries or affiliates, and may sometimes refer to the PwC network. This content is for general information purposes only, and should not be used as a substitute for consultation with professional advisors. Some variation in production levels from period to period is expected and establishes the range of normal capacity. The accumulated depreciation is deducted from the asset’s historical value to derive the asset’s written-down value.

Is depreciation operating expense?

There are few surprises in what is included in operating expenses, although identifying them and calculating them can be tricky in some cases. These are considered operating expenses because they’re linked to the daily operation of the property and affect its ability to be rented. Based on the above para you would agree that all the operating expenses are presented on the debit side of profit and loss or an income statement. Operating expenses are the costs that a company incurs while performing its normal operational activities. Operational activities are those tasks that must be undertaken from day to day to operate the business and generate revenue.

is depreciation an operating expense

All these expenses can be considered operating expenses, but when determining operating income using an income statement, interest expenses and income taxes are excluded. An increase in a current liability increases cash inflow or decreases cash outflow. Thus, when accounts payable increases, cost of goods sold on a cash basis decreases (instead of paying cash, the purchase was made on credit).

Depreciation Expense vs. Accumulated Depreciation: What’s the Difference?

Depreciation is, however, one of those operating expenses where cash movement is lacking. This is because the cash was already incurred for acquiring the asset, and hence there is no requirement of spending the cash unless up-gradation of the asset is required. IAS 16 defines depreciation as the systematic allocation of the depreciable amount of an asset over its useful life.

is depreciation an operating expense

Depreciation expense is reported on the income statement as any other normal business expense. If the asset is used for production, the expense is listed in the operating expenses area of the income statement. This amount reflects a portion of the acquisition cost of the asset for production purposes. From this perspective, there is (eventually) a relationship between cash outflow and the amount of depreciation recognized as operating expense. An operating expense is any expense incurred as part of normal business operations.


The depreciable amount equals the purchase cost of the asset less the salvage value or other amount like the revaluation amount of the asset. Depreciation amounts to distributing the cost of assets to the income statement over the asset’s useful life. Accumulated depreciation is a measure of the total wear on a company’s assets. In other words, it’s the total of all depreciation expenses incurred to date. All-in-one accounting software, Akounto, assists companies in analyzing accrued expenses by creating a separate account that records how much money the company owes and when the payments are due.

  • Financing costs are unrelated to a company’s day-to-day operations and are not considered operating expenses.
  • In general, businesses are allowed to write off operating expenses for the year in which the expenses were incurred.
  • A short term notes payable from a bank would be treated as a financing activity and not an operating activity.
  • Operating expenses can be a useful tool for businesses of all sizes.
  • It covers all items that companies hold on-premises to perform business activities.

Is depreciation operating or financing?

On the income statement, depreciation is usually shown as an indirect, operating expense. It is an allowable expense that reduces a company's gross profit along with other indirect expenses like administrative and marketing costs.

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